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How to fix error 0x8007000d during GPUpdate (gpupdate.exe) on Domain Controller or Member server?

While working on your server you may come across the following error in the Application logs:

Event Type: Error
Event Source: Group Policy Local Users and Groups
Event Category: (2)
Event ID: 8194
Date: 11/26/2011
Time: 6:37:36 PM
Computer: SERVER1

The client-side extension could not remove computer policy settings for ‘Domain Policy Name {SPID}’ because it failed with error code ‘0x8007000d The data is invalid.’ See trace file for more details.

This is usually caused by a corrupt or malformed XML file in the local server’s group policy cache. This usually happens when there is a crash or unexpected shutdown of the server while a Group Policy update is taking place.

To resolve this issue, follow these steps:

Enable the tracing log for the registry and for the "service" client-side extension.

In the CSE log, search for "0x8007000d" to find the following information that indicates that the local cached XML file was corrupted:

Time log [pid=0x148,tid=0x3b54] GPH data file :
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Group Policy\History\{GPO GUID}\Machine\Preferences\Services\Services.xml
Time log [pid=0x148,tid=0x3b54] Completed parse of GPH XML. [ hr = 0x8007000d "The data is invalid."

Search for the corrupted file, then rename the corrupted file or delete the corrupted file.

Finally, run the gpupdate /force command to allow for a new cached file to be created.

NOTE: you can check even directly the path C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Group Policy\History\ to find if there are, in the relative GPO folder, some corrupted XML files.